The relation of stage work and architecture
Walter Gropius, founder of the Bauhaus design, saw an interaction between the stage work and the architecture that unite different disciplines to a so-called orchestral unit. From this structural relationship of two arts, he derived the necessity to set up an own Bauhaus stage to examine the basic elements of stage design and to reformulate it.
Triadic ballet and Bauhaus dances by Oskar Schlemmer
Oskar Schlemmer who led the stage workshop in the years 1923-1929 was in the center of the Bauhaus stage. With his triadic Ballet and the Bauhaus dances together with the abstract and geometrical game of shape, colour, sound, movement and light, he examined the tension between man and space, and thus established basic conditions of theatrical design.
The DVD Bauhaus Bühne & Tanz 1 deals intensively with Oskar Schlemmer: It presents him as a person and artist and shows his Bauhaus dances reconstructed by Margarete Hasting and Gerhard Bohner.
The DVD Bühne & Tanz 2 shows stage experiments of the Bauhaus artists Ludwig Hirschfeld-Mack, Wassily Kandinsky, Kurt Schmidt and Lothar Schreyer, including "Das mechanische Ballet” (Mechanical ballet) and "Bilder einer Ausstellung” (Pictures of an exhibition).
After being appointed to the Frankfurt city architect in 1925, Ernst May assembled a staff of young architects, planners and designers around him. One of the most innovative large-scale projects of the new building in the 1920s became “DAS NEUE FRANKFURT” (the new Frankfurt) with the comprehensive claim to design a modern home décor, but also with a rational cost-saving construction method by typing the building’s footprints as well as the components and the employment of unemployed workers.