A tribute to the Bauhaus artists
The book Bauhaus Girls by Patrick Rössler, published by TASCHEN Verlag, presents pioneers of modernism such as Marianne Brandt, Gertrud Arndt and Lucia Moholy. Previously unpublished portraits and newly discovered archive material as well as biographical information provide insights into the lives of women and make this book a long overdue tribute to the often completely underestimated members of the Bauhaus.
When the State Bauhaus in Weimar opened its doors in 1919, more young women than men applied for university places. However, gender policy at the avant-garde institute was by no means exemplary: suspiciously eyed by Gropius and most of the men who taught and studied with him, obstructed to the best of their ability in the development of their talents and, if possible, pushed into the "women's class", weaving, they nevertheless conquered all disciplines, including new media such as photography and domains hitherto regarded as purely "male" such as sculpture, industrial design or architecture. Marianne Brandt, Grete Stern and Ellen Auerbach, Friedl Dicker, Anni Albers, Otti Berger and many more wrote art and design history with their works and actually embodied the "New Woman", who became the prototype of a new image of women in the Weimar Republic.
With almost 400 portrait photos, this volume presents 87 artists and craftspeople, many of whom were long forgotten. In addition, new archival finds complete our picture of the few prominent Bauhaus women like Lucia Moholy, who fled Germany after the Nazis took power, entrusted her archive with 650 glass negatives of her famous architectural, object and portrait photographs to Gropius, and later was only able to assert her copyright and property rights by legal means, Gertrud Arndt, who actually wanted to study architecture, then ended up in weaving and finally turned entirely to photography, or Marianne Brandt, who was the first woman to be allowed to work in the Bauhaus metal workshop and whose designs for lamps, ashtrays and other household objects are still used by Alessi to this day.
Patrick Rössler teaches communication science at the University of Erfurt. He deals with visual communication from a historical perspective and is curator of several exhibitions on the Bauhaus, including Die neue Linie 1929 - 194 3. Das Bauhaus am Kiosk and Herbert Bayer: Die Berliner Jahre - Werbegrafik 1928-193 8. Zum Bauhausjahr 2019, among others, Bauhaus Bodies and Neue Typografien. Bauhaus & more: 100 years of functional graphic design in Germany.