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George Carwardine


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Designer George Carwardine

Designer of the Iconic Anglepoise 1227 Lamp

George Carwardine (1887-1947) is the inventor of the iconic Anglepoise 1227 lamp and a respected engineer of his time.

In 1931, he developed a theoretical concept for a procedure for balancing weights by means of springs, cranks and levers. Using special springs with a ‘constant tension’ quality developed by Terry’s, Carwardine had chanced upon the means to create an articulated task lamp that could combine ultimate flexibility with perfect balance. A patent is filed and, in 1933 the first four-spring Anglepoise lamp is launched. The four-spring Anglepoise is deemed too industrial for a domestic market so Carwardine, together with the designers at Terry’s, develops a three-spring version. This design, known as the Anglepoise Original 1227, has been refined over the years but is generally considered the archetypal Anglepoise lamp.

Carwardine retained his connection to Terry for the rest of his life. He has developed numerous variants of the original Anglepoise design, including lights for operating theatres.

Website by George Carwardine