Bruno Taut

Bruno Taut

Bruno Taut, born in 1880 in Königsberg, learned to be an architect at the Königsberg Construction College and moved in 1902 to Berlin, where he worked for the Art Nouveau Architect Bruno Möhring. From 1904-1908 he worked for Professor Theodor Fischer in Stuttgart, after that he went back to Berlin and studied Art History and Town Construction at the Technical College Charlottenburg. In 1909 did he open his own architecture office. Taut was initiator of the "Arbeitsrat für Kunst", who tried to expand the november revolution of 1918 to the category art in 1919. He invented the exchange of letters "Die gläserne Kette". The members – like Walter Gropius or Hans Scharoun – claimed for the annulment of the previous basis of the architecture and the disappearance of the artists personaliy. From 1921-1924 was Bruno Taut planning commissioner in Magdeburg, where he let overpaint the whole street of houses ant the baroque city hall. Inspired by the expressionism does Taut use the colour as a relevant element in the architecture. From 1924-1931 did he build colonies in Berlin with almost 12.000 flats. Different to his theoretical writings is the centre point in this products in the artistic and the social aspect of the architecture. In the year 1930 got Bruno Taut a fame at the Technical College in Berlin-Charlottenburg as a professor for colony- and housing and becomes honored member of the International architecture alliance in Japan. In 1932 he designes in Moscow a big office for the city council. When he came back in 1933 to Berlin, two weeks later he had to leave from the national socialists to Japan over Switzerland. Because he couldn't find any interest in modern architecture in Japan, he moved in 1936 to Turkey, which tried to get European and American architects to modernisation of the country. There he became leader of the architecture part of the Akademy of Beautiful Arts in Istanbul and also boss of the constructor part in the Education Department in Ankara. He died in 1938 in Istanbul.


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