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Alma Siedhoff-Buscher

Alma Siedhoff-Buscher

Alma Buscher (1899-1944) studied from 1922 until 1927 at the Bauhaus in Weimar and Dessau.

It is scarcely known that the Bauhaus along its existence also focused on children’s world. Already from 1919 on, the Bauhauses sold self-made toys on the Weimar Market Place, as well as children furniture that were manufactured in the workshops later on. Especially Alma Buscher was the focus of all this from 1923 on. Her children’s furniture were simple, practical and mostly multifunctional: her toy-cupboard for example, is not only a storage place, but it also offers several boxes to play – one opening in the cupboard-door do even make it a theatre scenery for the Punch show.

Alma Buscher visited the renowned Berlin Reimann-School from 1917 on, that was a private arts school with reform-pedagogical approaches and an arts and crafts-practical orientation that also - which wasn’t naturally welcome in that time – encouraged apprenticeships for women. Alma changed her academy in 1920 to a public arts and crafts school, especially fulfilling customer requests.

Because of the tight attachment to customer desires, Alma Buschner felt limited in her artistic unfold, which is why she inscribed herself in the Bauhaus Weimar in 1922. After a pre-course at Johannes Itten and numerous artistic offers, for example in classes from Klee and Kandinsky, at Theo van Doesburg and in the colours seminary of Hirschfeld-Mack, it was tried to lead her to weaving – as nearly all women that successfully studied at the Bauhaus should.

After a request at Gropius, Alma Buscher achieved in changing to the wood-construction, developing children toys and utility products out of wood. Here she also designed the legendary children furniture for class-designs in the house at Horn in Weimar, the show house of the Bauhaus exposition in 1923. With this children’s room, the Bauhaus reached a delighting success. Its furniture belongs to the few objects that were manufactured in more specimen in the Weimar time. They were part of the official self-presentation of the Bauhaus.

Besides the children furniture, Alma Buscher also created a puppet theatre in 1923 as well as both famous Bauhaus ship-games. The smaller Bau-game includes a sheet with game-advises presenting the versatility of the game, besides the 22 coloured, wooden figures.

After her marriage in 1926 with the actor Werner Siedhoff, who was part of the Bauhaus-theatre, and the birth of two children; Alma Siedhoff-Buscher reduced her design work, but could maintain her family with freelance works. Alma Buscher passed by in 1944 at a bombs terrorist attack near Frankfurt.